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 AVA
Aardvark Vocational Associates
 Accreditation
The formal process of recognition of a training organisation, national qualification, cluster of performance (competency) standards or course by a National Training Agency/Authority accrediting body.
 Accredited Training Organisation
Accredited Training Organisation (ATO) means a training organisation registered in accordance with the National Qualifications Framework, within a defined scope of registration. Only an Accredited Training Organisation can issue qualifications that are recognised by the National Qualifications Framework (See also Registered Training Organisation).
 Accredited course
A structured sequence of vocational education and training that has been accredited and leads to a National Qualifications Framework (NQF) qualification or Statement of Attainment.
 Acronyms
A word formed from the first letters of a name, for example: NQF for National Qualifications Framework.
 Activist
The term 'activist' describes a learning style where a person learns best when faced with new experiences and can just 'get on with it' rather than have to listen to all the information about it beforehand. They thrive on variety, problem-solving and challenges, and can become bored if they are not doing anything (eg, passively listening in a lecture style workshop). Repetition is not favoured, as the activist likes to try new things. Activist learners enjoy working with others, or in a group - but be aware that they may not have a good head for detail nor cope well with explicit instructions that limit their creativity.
 Analogy
Using one situation (for example, a story of your experience) to demonstrate a resemblance or likeness between things, when in actuality the things are otherwise entirely different. An example you would be familiar with is the analogy of 'is the glass half empty or half full' to relate to a situation where a person is having trouble seeing things in perspective. Using analogies for learning enlightens the mind, because it enables it to discover things through a process of making connections.
 Appeals process
Appeals process is a process whereby the person being assessed, or other interested party such as an employer, may dispute the outcome of an assessment and seek reassessment.
 Approved Training Products
Approved Training Products (ATP) are those items created for the National Qualification Framework and assessed as meeting the requirements of units of competency.
 Assessment
The process of collecting evidence and making judgements on whether competency has been achieved to confirm that an individual can perform to the standard expected in the workplace, as expressed in the relevant endorsed industry/enterprise competency standards or the learning outcomes of an accredited course.
 Assessment Plan
An assessment plan is a document developed by an assessor that includes the elements and units of competency to be assessed; when the assessment will occur; how the assessment will occur; the assessment methods to be used and the criteria for the assessment decision.
 Assessment and Training Package
An Assessment and Training Package is a Competence-Based Education and Training (CBET) tool and consists of three major parts:
PART I: The “Occupational Profile” (OP). The Occupational Profile, is developed by those persons actually doing the job and it mirrors the duties and tasks, workers are expected to perform in the world of work.
PART II: The “Assessment Instruments” in the form of performance (practical) and written (theory) test items that can and should be used to assess whether a person complies with the requirements of employment The assessment instruments were developed jointly by job practitioners and instructors.
PART III: The “Training Modules” in the form of a guideline to train both on the job as well as in training centres (or combinations of both venues of learning). The Training Modules have been developed based on the Occupational Profile and Assessment Instruments and therefore are directly relevant for employment.
 Assessment context
Assessment context is the environment in which the assessment of competency will be carried out. This may be the environment where the work is performed 'in situ', a simulated environment which replicates the work environment, various contexts which address different aspects of the competency.

It also includes physical and operational factors, the assessment system within which assessment is carried out, the range of opportunities for gathering evidence in a number of situations, the purpose of the assessment, who carries out the assessment and the period of time during which the assessment takes place.

 Assessment guidelines
Assessment guidelines means an endorsed component of the National Qualifications Framework which underpins assessment and which sets out the industry approach to valid, reliable, flexible and fair assessment.  Assessment guidelines include the assessment system overview, assessor requirements, designing assessment resources, conducting assessment and sources of information on assessment.
 Assessment tool
A collection of documents (instruments) which provide the means for gathering evidence to prove a candidate's competency. The tool may contain such instruments as a knowledge test, witness testimony,  or a checklist of required practical performance or demonstration.
 Assimilation
The act or process of assimilating involves bringing or identifying a resemblance, likeness, or identity; from one object or environment into another. For example, new immigrants to a country may be assimilated to the new culture by spending time with a local family.
 Assistive technology
Assistive technology is a term that describes software and/or hardware that assists users. It is applied mostly in reference to technology used by persons with a disability or impairment. An example would be the use of screen-reading software for users that are blind or vision impaired.
 Autonomous
To be independent in mind or judgement; and self-directed. Autonomous persons or groups do not require a high level of supervision or control when completing tasks or going about general business. Autonomous thinkers form their own opinions and conclusions without relying on others to influence this process, although they do utilise existing knowledge or concepts whilst doing this, eventually coming up with their own individual perspective.