- Metacognition refers to higher order thinking which involves active control over the processes engaged in learning. Activities such as planning how to approach a given learning task, monitoring comprehension, and evaluating progress toward the completion of a task are metacognitive in nature. Metacognition plays a critical role in successful learning. Metacognition enables us to be successful learners, and has been associated with intelligence. "Metacognition" is often simply defined as "thinking about thinking."
- A mind map consists of a central word or concept, around which you draw the 5 to 10 main ideas that relate to that word. You then take each of those words and again draw main ideas that relate to each of those words, creating a kind of visual map of your thinking. A mind map is like a visual representation of a thinking process. A mind map lets you rapidly produce an almost infinite number of ideas, and at the same time organise them by placing each idea next to what it is related to. In training contexts, mind maps can be helpful to explore complex topics, identify issues or explore ideas with learners.
- Mnemonic comes from the Greek word mnemon which means mindful. Mnemonics today are systems of principles and formulas designed to assist or improve memory or retention of new information. We are all familiar with the phrase "thirty days hath September, April, June and November..." to remember the number of days in the months – that’s a mnemonic. Here are a couple more examples that could be used to help teach language or spelling; if you always have trouble remembering how to spell 'geography', the mnemonic 'George eats old grey rats and paints houses yellow' may be easier to remember, and notice that the first letter of each word spells 'geography'. Or if you forget which one out of 'dessert' and 'desert' is the word used for a sweet food, think of 'strawberry shortcake' which has the letter 'S' twice, as does 'dessert'.
- The recognition and acceptance by an Accredited Training Organisation (ATO), of National Qualifications Framework qualifications and Statements of Attainment issued by other ATOs, enabling individuals to receive national recognition of their achievements. See also Skills Recognition and Recognition of Prior Learning.